Quick Answer: What Constitutes Public Easement?

How do I prove an easement?

To establish a prescriptive easement one must prove that all the requisite elements have been met: that the use was (1) adverse (sometimes referred to as “hostile”), (2) actual, open and notorious, (3) continuous and uninterrupted, and (4) for the statutorily required period of time..

Can you put a driveway on an easement?

Yes, you can build on a property easement, even a utility easement. … The dominant estate owning the easement may need to access the easement. Anything, from a house addition down to fences, shrubs, and children’s playsets might need to be removed in this event.

Is an easement considered public property?

Easements may be given to anyone, such as neighbors, government agencies, and private parties. … Common easements include public utilities, power lines, and cable TV (though these are often underground). As easements are associated with real property, they are governed by real property law.

Can you deny an easement?

Since an easement on your property typically forms some type of burden on you, you have the right to deny that easement if you choose. However, with both public and private easements, the entity may take you to court in specific cases and a judge may force the easement on you when they deem it a necessity or relevant.

Can you sue for an easement?

As any real estate lawyer will tell you, easements tend to become a source of legal disputes. … He or she might also request a termination of the easement. The dominant estate holder may sue for trespass. Also, both parties may be able to request money damages for certain acts.

Who is responsible for upkeep of an easement?

Basically, the person or party using an easement, known as an easement holder, has a duty to maintain it. Easement holders don’t become owners of the land attached to their easements, though, and within limits the actual landowners retain most rights over it.

What type of easement is a utility easement?

1. Easement in gross. In this type of easement, only property is involved, and the rights of other owners are not considered. For example, a public utility line easement would be an easement in gross and would be recorded in the public records.

How do I get around an easement?

How to Get Rid of Real Estate EasementsQuiet the Title.Allow the Purpose for the Easement to Expire.Abandon the Easement.Stop Using a Prescriptive Easement.Destroy the Reason for the Easement.Merge the Dominant and Servient Properties.Execute a Release Agreement.

Can a property owner block an easement?

An easement provides certain rights and restrictions and owners of land with registered easements should understand their legal implications. … Owners are generally prohibited from building over or too close to an easement or must obtain approval from the authority who owns the easement to do so.

How long does an easement last?

An easement usually is written so that it lasts forever. This is known as a perpetual easement. Where state law allows, an easement may be written for a specified period of years; this is known as a term easement. Only gifts of perpetual easement, however, can qualify a donor for income- and estate-tax benefits.

Who is liable for an accident on an easement?

In most cases, the easement rights holder, i.e., the party that directly benefits from the easement, is primarily liable for negligently creating a hazardous situation that may result in an accident. You may, however, also be liable to some extent if it’s argued on the rights facts.

Who pays for an easement?

You would usually pay for paving and improving an access easement, not your neighbor, but the person who sold you a landlocked parcel, if not your neighbor, could possibly be required to build the road if the municipality has subdivision approval, because usually lots are not approved as valid parcels in a subdivision …

Do perpetual easements transfer to new owners?

Easements in Gross are easements that grant the right to cross over someone else’s property to a specific individual or entity and, as such, are personal in nature. In other words, they do not transfer to a subsequent owner.

Who is the dominant owner of an easement?

Land affected or “burdened” by an easement is called a “servient estate,” while the land or person benefited by the easement is known as the “dominant estate.” If the easement benefits a particular piece of land, it’s said to be “appurtenant” to the land.

Can you put a driveway over an easement?

An easement gives someone the right to use a section of land for a specific purpose even though they are not the owner of that land. … Generally not, as you can build under or over it if the work will not have a material interference with the easement.

Can my neighbor use my easement?

Your neighbor, the owner of the land upon which the easement is located, can’t legally do anything to interfere with your use of the easement to access your property. However, the landowner can do whatever he wishes with his land, including using your easement, as long as he doesn’t interfere with your use.